Vol 7, No 8 (2016) > Chemical Engineering >

The Performance of Biogas Production from Pome at Different Temperatures

Sarono Sarono, Ono Suparno, Suprihatin Suprihatin, Udin Hasanudin

 

Abstract: Indonesia, as the
largest palm oil producer in the world, also produces palm oil mill effluent
(POME). While the latter is a liquid waste that is hazardous for the
environment, with proper processing, it can be a potential energy source. The
objective of this study was to study the performance of biogas production from
POME at various temperatures. The POME and sludge mixture was fermented,
according to the treatment, at 27-28oC, 45oC, and 55oC,
with the results showing that methane could thereby be produced by as much as
0,19 m3, 0,25 m3, and 0,28 m3 respectively.
For each kilogram of chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal, with POME
fermentation at room temperature, 45oC, and 55oC, biogas
could be produced with methane content of 65.44%, 62.57%, and 59.15%,
respectively.
Keywords: Biogas; Fermentation temperature; Methane gas; POME

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