Vol 7, No 8 (2016) > Civil Engineering >

Towards Self-sufficient Demand in 2030: Analysis of Life-cycle Cost for Indonesian Energy Infrastructure

Mohammed Ali Berawi, Perdana Miraj, Abdur Rohim Boy Berawi, Silvia Silvia, Fadin Darmawan


Abstract: In 2015, the government
of Indonesia launched the development of The 35,000 MW of power capacity. This
project is required to stimulate economic growth and production in Indonesia.
However, the project requires a huge financial investment, estimated to be
about US$ 90.90 billion. Considering this situation, the construction of
effective and efficient power plants based on energy potential in Indonesia is
necessary. This research proposes alternative power plant development based on
multiple linear regression and peak load analysis approaches. The results of
this research show that 33% of the total power plants will be constructed in
Java-Bali and the remaining 67% will be spread across Indonesia. Total energy
demand in Indonesia is estimated at about 47.345 MW, with a total investment
cost of about 1,813.32 trillion rupiah and operation and maintenance costs of about
289.13 trillion rupiahs per year. The research presented here also shows the
use of renewable energy power plants increasing from 27% to 34% compared to the
existing calculation.
Keywords: Energy; Financial analysis; Infrastructure; Planning

Full PDF Download


Loutatidou, S., Arafat, H.A., 2015. Techno-economic Analysis of MED and RO Desalination Powered by Low-enthalpy Geothermal Energy. Desalination, Volume 365, pp. 277–292

Berawi, M.A, Berawi, A.R.B, Prajitno, I.S., Nahry, N., Miraj, P., Abdurachman, Y., Tobing, E., Ivan, A., 2015. Developing Conceptual Design of High Speed Railways using Value Engineering Method: Creating Optimum Project Benefits. International Journal of Technology, Volume 6(4), pp. 670–679

Creswell, J.W., 2013. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA

Kaygusuz, K., 2012. Energy for Sustainable Development: A Case of Developing Countries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 16(2), pp. 1116–1126

Kristianto, A.N., 2010. Solar Power Plant Feasibility in Biaro Island. Depok: Universitas Indonesia, unpublished (in Bahasa)

Kristoferson, L.A., Bokalders, V., 2013. Renewable Energy Technologies: Their Applications in Developing Countries. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Li, H., Guo, S., Cui, L., Yan, J., Liu, J., Wang, B., 2015. Review of Renewable Energy Industry in Beijing: Development Status, Obstacles and Proposals. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 43, pp. 711–725

Mertens, D.M., 2014. Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology: Integrating Diversity with Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, USA

Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, 2014. Handbook of Energy & Economic Statistics of Indonesia 2014. Jakarta: Pusdatin Departemen Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia (in Bahasa)

Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, 2015. Rencana Umum Ketenagalistrikan Nasional 2015–2034. Jakarta: Kemen ESDM RI (in Bahasa)

PT. Perusahaan Listrik Negara (Persero), 2015a. RUPTL PT PLN (Persero) 2014–2025. Jakarta: PT. Perusahaan Listrik Negara (Persero) (in Bahasa)

PT. Perusahaan Listrik Negara (Persero), 2015b. Statistic of PLN in 2014. Jakarta: PT. Perusahaan Listrik Negara (Persero) (in Bahasa)

Varho, V., Rikkonen, P., Rasi, S., 2016. Futures of Distributed Small-scale Renewable Energy in Finland - A Delphi Study of the Opportunities and Obstacles up to 2025. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 104, pp. 30–37

Wijaya, W., Windarto, J., Kartono, 2012. Analysis of Mini Hydro Power Plant in Logawa River at Banyumas Regency (in Bahasa)

Wood, A.J., Wollenberg, B.F., 2012. Power Generation, Operation, and Control. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, USA