Vol 7, No 1 (2016) > Editorials >

Value based Innovation: Knowledge and Technology Transfer in Triple Helix Model

Mohammed Ali Berawi



In light of globalization, innovation has been
determined as a strategy to increase competitive advantage, and, therefore,
nurturing innovation through improved policies and practices has become a
priority in both the public and private sectors. Globalization has boosted the
need for the triple helix of university–industry–government collaboration,
which encourages the transfer of knowledge and technology to improve project
development and the quality of products. The concept of the triple helix
relationship encourages potential cooperation for innovation and thus
stimulates economic growth by generating productivity and strengthening
competitive advantages.

Innovation in the Triple Helix Model

The triple helix model provides various alternatives
to explore complex innovation and create added value for products and projects.
From a triple helix systems perspective, the consolidation of multiple
perspectives used to generate new combinations of knowledge and technology in
solving problems and improving end results requires the dynamic interaction
between triple helix actors in the context of mutual cooperation and consensus.
Innovation in the triple helix model is embedded in an interactive system of
partnerships, the role of governments in shaping innovation policies
(politics), and the relation between universities (education) and the industry
(economy) in producing value-added products through advanced knowledge and
technologies that suit the public or market needs. Furthermore, one of the key
strategies in a successful triple helix cooperation is managing the
cross-cultural issues between stakeholders because these might affect the
quality of the collaboration and the effectiveness of the transformational
learning process for successful knowledge and technology transfer.

Knowledge and technology transfer is the
process of transferring skills, methods, and facilities among actors and
institutions to ensure that scientific and technological developments are
accessible for further development into new processes or end results. The
transfer of individual and organizational knowledge, such as best practices,
then becomes a means to search for sustainable technological solutions in
design and product and project development. Various factors need to be clearly
defined, including conceptions of technology utilization and collaboration,
process activities and capacity transfer, and dissemination and communication
models, to achieve efficient and effective knowledge and technology transfer.
It is a collaborative and context-specific process based on mutual
understanding, so the intended collaboration in the triple helix model provides
links to tie together all aspects of technology, namely, knowledge, process,
and product results.

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