Vol 7, No 3 (2016) > Metalurgy and Material Engineering >

Kappa-Carrageenan as an Attractive Green Substitute for Polyacrylamide in Enhanced Oil Recovery Applications

Made Ganesh Darmayanti, Cynthia Linaya Radiman, I Made Sudarma



The rapidly growing demand for petroleum resources has become a crucial
global problem. Therefore, a more realistic solution is required for oil
production. Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) has become an essential technique to
extract original oil content and maintain oil fields. During this process,
certain viscous polymers are commonly used as mobility control agents. In this
work, we introduce a new class of polymer to address the limitations of
commercial EOR polymers. We successfully extracted kappa-type carrageenan from Eucheuma
seaweed using demineralized water and ethanol precipitation. The
amount of yield, intrinsic viscosity, and viscosity-average molecular mass of
the extracted carrageenan were 18.64%, 12.77 dLg-1, and 4.716×105
gmol-1, respectively. Characterizations were done by dynamic
viscosity and rheological measurement, along with a thermal degradation test.
The measurements indicated that kappa-carrageenan
is an attractive green substitute for polyacrylamide, as it showed relatively
high resistance to temperature, shear rate, and salinity compared to
polyacrylamide-based commercial EOR polymers. However, a higher concentration
of carrageenan is still needed to reach the same viscosity as the commercial

Keywords: Eucheuma cottonii; Kappa-carrageenan; Enhanced oil recovery; Rheological measurement

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