Vol 6, No 7 (2015) > Chemical Engineering >

Effect of Biomass Types on Bio-oil Characteristics in a Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Process with a Ni/ZSM-5 Catalyst

Widodo Wahyu Purwanto, Dijan Supramono, Rahma Muthia, Muhamad Fakri Firdaus

 

Abstract:

The application of bio-oil for biofuel has
been limited due to its low heating value,
high acidity and high oxygenate content. Pursuant to the urgency of obtaining access to sustainable energy
from renewable resources, the studies for bio-oil upgrading have been recently
placed in high priority. This study is aimed at identifying the effect of biomass types on bio-oil
product characteristics. The conversion of several types of biomass, i.e. rice
straw, rubberwood (Hevea
brasiliensis
), and palm Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) to bio-oil by-products was investigated in a Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis (CFP) reactor
using a Ni/ZSM-5 nickel nitrate and zeolite catalyst at 550oC and at
atmospheric pressure. The results show that Ni/ZSM-5 catalyst has actively
enhanced the
de-oxygenation reaction process and aromatic production. The composition
of aromatic compounds in bio-oil from rubberwood, rice straw, and EFB are 10.25
wt%, 7.8 wt%, and 5.98 wt%, respectively. In the absence of a catalyst, bio-oil from rice straw contains
no aromatics.

Keywords: Aromatic; Bio-oil; Catalytic fast pyrolysis; Ni/ZSM-5

Full PDF Download

References


Dewan Energi Nasional, 2013. Agar tak Bergantung pada Minyak Bumi. Available online at http://www.den.go.id/ index.php/ news/readNews/408. (in Bahasa)

Fisafarani, H., 2010. Identifikasi Karakteristik Sumber Daya Biomassa dan Potensi Bio-Pellet di Indonesia. Universitas Indonesia, Depok (in Bahasa)

French, R., Czernik, S., 2010. Catalytic Pyrolysis of Biomass for Bio-fuels Production. Fuel Processing Technology, Volume 91, pp. 25–32

Kementrian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral, 2011. Potensi Bioenergi di Indonesia Mencapai 49,810 MW. Available online at http://www.esdm.go.id/berita/323-energi-baru-dan-terbarukan/4530-potensi-bioenergi-di-indonesia-mencapai-49810-mw.html. (in Bahasa)

Muthia, R., 2011. Peningkatan Kualitas Bio-oil dari Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit Menggunakan Metode Fast Pyrolysis dengan Katalis Zeolit. Universitas Indonesia, Depok. (in Bahasa)

Omar, R.A., Idris, Yunus, R., Khalid, K., Aida, M.I.I., 2010. Characterization of Empty Fruit Bunch for Microwave-assisted Pyrolysis. Fuel, Volume 90, pp. 1536–1544

Pusdatin ESDM, 2014. Handbook of Energy & Economic Statistics of Indonesia. Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta

Rahman, A., 2013. Sintesis Bio-oil dari Biomassa Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit dengan Metode Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Menggunakan Katalis Ni/ZSM-5. Universitas Indonesia, Depok. (in Bahasa)

Stefanidis, S.D., Kalogiannis, K.G., Iliopoulou E.F., Michailof C.M., Pilavachi P.A., Lappas A.A., 2014. A Study of Lignocellulosic Biomass Pyrolysis via the Pyrolysis of Cellulose, Hemicellulose and Lignin. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Volume 105, pp. 143–150

Vafeian, Y., Haghighi, M., Aghmohammadi, S., 2013. Ultrasound Assisted Dispersion of Different Amount of Ni over ZSM-5 used as Nanostructured Catalyst for Hydrogen Production via CO2 Reforming of Methane. Energy Conversion and Management, Volume 76, pp. 1093–1103

Zentrum fur Rationell Energianwendung und Umwelt GmbH, 2000. Biomass in Indonesia-Business