Vol 6, No 7 (2015) > Chemical Engineering >

Phenol Degradation in Wastewater with a Contact Glow Discharge Electrolysis Reactor using a Sodium Sulfate

Nelson Saksono, Ratih Tien Seratri, Rahma Muthia, Setijo Bismo

 

Abstract:



This present study is aimed at removing phenol
compounds in wastewater by using
a Contact
Glow Discharge Electrolysis (CGDE) reactor. To start with, the effect of voltage to direct current connections in a
CGDE reactor was investigated in order to estimate several possibilities for optimum voltage for phenol degradation.
Several parameters were studied for phenol treatment including the effects of voltage, electrolyte concentration, anode depth,
and the presence of Fe2+ ions. Production of hydrogen peroxide, the
percentage of phenol degradation, and energy consumption were used as main
research indicators. The optimum condition was found at 700 V, in 0.03 M Na2SO4,
and an anode depth of 5mm. The phenol degradation was valued at 40.83%
after the first 15 minutes in the process, with an energy consumption of 278
kJ/mmol of phenol. Under the
same conditions, with an addition of 20
mg/L of Fe2+ ions, the phenol degradation shot up to 92.57% and
energy consumption significantly decreased to 127 kJ/mmol. The largest phenol degradation
was obtained at 99.6% after 90 minutes during the experiment. The results pointed out a promising
path for phenol treatment in wastewater by utilizing
a CDGE reactor with recommended operating
conditions which
were obtained during this
study.



Keywords: CGDE; Hydroxyl radical; Phenol degradation; Plasma

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