Vol 7, No 5 (2016) > Chemical Engineering >

Ceramic Filters and their Application for Cadmium Removal from Pulp Industry Effluent

Subriyer Nasir, Sisnayati Faizal


Abstract: The purpose of this
paper was to investigate the performance of ceramic filters made from a
mixture of natural clay, rice bran, and iron powder in removing cadmium from pulp
industry effluent. Some parameters were examined such as acidity, total
dissolved solid (TDS), total suspended solid (TSS), electrical conductivity
(EC), and cadmium concentration. Results showed that the composition percentage of the ceramic filter, which in this case amounted to 87.5% natural
clay, 10% rice bran, and 2.5% iron powder, may decrease cadmium concentration
in pulp industry effluent by up to 99.0%. Furthermore,  the permeate flux decreased after 30 minutes
of filtration time, and
subsequently became constant at one hour of contact time. In addition, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
micrographs of the ceramic filter surfaces indicate that ceramic filters have a
random pore structure and can be categorized as microfiltration filters.
Keywords: Cadmium; Ceramic filters; Permeate flux; Pulp industry

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