Vol 6, No 5 (2015) > Civil Engineering >

System Dynamics Model for Airport Characterization in Hub-and-spoke Networks

Eny Yuliawati, Sigit P. Hadiwardoyo, Bambang Susantono, Tri Tjahjono



revenue by passenger kilometers over the last ten years has grown at an average
of 4.7 percent per year. The high growth of air transport must be offset by
equivalent airport investment: perhaps even a doubling of the percentage growth
of numbers of passengers. The purpose of this paper is to build
a development model for investment in hub-and-spoke airport
networks. The methodology developed in this paper uses
systems dynamics theory. The benefit of using this approach is that the
variables in the model are determined through a systems thinking process;
the determination of variables through such a thinking process
considers causality between variables dynamically, logically,
and realistically within a complex aviation industry system.
The simulation model shows that using a system dynamics
approach can be used to simulate airport infrastructure investment
development in a hub-and-spoke network. One of the subsystems
is congestion; the result of simulation of this subsystem yields the behavioral
characteristics, which show that a surge in demand (which is then offset by the
provision of capacity or capacity enlargement) will eventually become stable, indicated
by a lack of lines on the runway side. This means that decreases in congestion
will increase passenger demand, and will also enhance potential investment in airport

Keywords: Airport characterization; Airport infrastructure; Congestion; Hub-and-spoke network; System dynamics

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